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Learners will gain a comprehensive understanding of hive inspection essentials. 


Key Takeaways 


  1. Are you queen right?

  2. Is the brood pattern consistent?

  3. Is the queen being replaced?

  4. Is the colony increasing or decreasing in size?

  5. Are there signs of brood disease?

Beekeeping is an art that requires a keen eye and a deep understanding of the hive dynamics. Regular hive inspections are essential to ensure the health and productivity of your bee colony. To guide you through these inspections, we’ve compiled five crucial questions that you should ask yourself each time you delve into your hive.


1. Are You Queen Right?

The queen bee is the heart of the colony, responsible for laying eggs and maintaining its harmony. Ensuring that your hive is queen right is paramount. Look for these indicators to confirm the presence of a healthy queen:

  • Eggs: Regularly spotting eggs in the hive is a strong sign of a queen’s presence.
  • Visible Queen: While inspecting, make it a habit to lay eyes on the queen. This visual confirmation is reassuring.
  • Festooning Behavior: Bees engaging in festooning, where they create chains to construct or maintain the hive, suggests a queen’s guidance.


2. Is the Brood Pattern Consistent?

The brood pattern offers insights into the hive’s health. Bees naturally clean out dead or diseased brood, leading to an irregular pattern. However, a consistently erratic pattern might indicate issues. Observe the brood closely to ensure its regularity.


3. Is the Queen Being Replaced?

Occasionally, the hive decides to replace its queen. The presence of queen cups is a sign of this preparation. A charged queen cup, containing an egg or larvae, is indicative of active queen replacement. Differentiate between active queen cells and empty cups to understand the colony’s intentions.


4. Is the Colony’s Size Changing?

Monitoring the colony’s population fluctuations is crucial. A healthy hive grows during periods of increased daylight and shrinks during reduced daylight hours. Understanding these cycles allows you to track the brood population accurately.


5. Are There Signs of Brood Disease?

Using the above questions as a foundation, you can also identify potential brood diseases. By noticing irregularities in the brood pattern, queen replacement, and colony size changes, you can narrow down the potential disease affecting your hive. Early detection is vital for effective disease management.




As a responsible beekeeper, the well-being of your hive depends on your vigilant observation and understanding of its dynamics. Regular inspections guided by these five questions will equip you with the knowledge to maintain a healthy, thriving bee colony. By staying attuned to the queen’s presence, brood patterns, queen replacement, colony size changes, and signs of disease, you’ll ensure your bees’ prosperity and contribute to the delicate balance of our natural world. Happy beekeeping!

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Free Hive Inspection Sheet

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